Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Editorial Board: Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Study: Early menopause increases health risks after 60

Earlier research showed that premature menopause at 40 or younger is linked later in life to single medical problems such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. — Picture by FatCamera/IStock.com
Women who undergo premature menopause are almost three times more likely to develop multiple, chronic medical problems in their sixties than women who make the transition at 50 or 51, researchers reported.
In high-income countries, a third of a woman’s life unfolds after the menopause. Earlier research showed that premature menopause at 40 or younger is linked later in life to single medical problems such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
But the new study, published in Human Reproduction, is the first to examine links between the timing of natural menopause and the onset of multiple medical conditions, known as multi-morbidity, the authors said.
The data were drawn from more than 5,100 women enrolled in an Australian national health survey.
The women reported at three-year intervals fr…

Exercise benefits both brain and body

Exercise not only improves your physical health, but also preserves your brain’s abilities, according to new research. — AFP

If getting fit is one of your resolutions for the new year, then you might be improving your brain health, as well as your physical health.
This is according to new research that found that cardiorespiratory exercise such as walking briskly, running and biking, may slow down cognitive changes in the brain.
Carried out by researchers from the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and University Medicine Greifswald, Germany, the new study looked at 2,013 German adults aged 21 to 84 years old and measured their cardiorespiratory fitness using peak oxygen uptake – the maximum amount of oxygen the body is capable of utilising in one minute – while participants used an exercise bike.
Participants also underwent MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans so that researchers could analyse total brain volume and grey matter volume, which includes regions of the brain …

Burnout could increase risk of heart rhythm disorder

New research has linked burnout to an increased risk of a heart condition known as atrial fibrillation.

New US research has found that individuals suffering from vital exhaustion, more commonly known as burnout, may have an increased risk of the heart condition atrial fibrillation (AF).

Carried out by researchers from the University of Southern California, the new large-scale study looked at more than 11,000 individuals who were surveyed on their symptoms of burnout, including vital exhaustion, anger, antidepressant use and poor social support.

The participants were then followed for nearly 25 years to see who developed atrial fibrillation.

The findings, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), showed that participants showing the highest levels of vital exhaustion were at a 20% higher risk of developing atrial fibrillation, compared to those with low or no levels of vital exhaustion.

“Vital exhaustion, commonly refe…

The DASH diet can lower blood pressure and dietitians say it's one of the healthiest ways to eat

© Crystal Cox/Business Insider
The DASH diet is known to lower blood pressure and prevent heart disease.  It focuses on foods that are low in sodium and high in potassium, calcium, magnesium, protein, and fiber - such as leafy greens, fruits, whole grains, nuts, fat-free or low-fat dairy, and lean meats.
The eating plan recommends limiting foods high in saturated fat, such as red meat and whole milk dairy, as well as sugary foods and sweetened beverages. 
The DASH diet can also help with weight loss, and dietitians say it is one of the healthiest ways to eat and is recommended for everyone. 
This article was reviewed by Samantha Cassetty, MS, RD, nutrition and wellness expert with a private practice based in New York City. 
DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension and was developed in the early '90s, when the National Institute of Health (NIH) was researching ways to lower blood pressure.

Since then, studies have proven that the DASH diet, alone, without medicati…

Testing robotic surgery for heart procedures in rural patients

Mayo Clinic researchers in the United States are poised in the spring of 2020 to test a remote cardiac procedure that could be a major breakthrough for rural hospital care – a procedure in which a patient’s clogged artery is propped open by robotic tools controlled by an off-site doctor. In the initial test, the doctor will only be in the next room, able to step in as needed. A successful test however, would pave the way for a future in which doctors could perform the procedure from miles away. That would be meaningful for patients in rural areas whose emergency cardiac procedures can be delayed – and who can suffer worse outcomes – if their local hospitals aren’t equipped to provide a procedure known as a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), said Dr Mackram Eleid, the Mayo interventional cardiologist who is leading the research. “That’s where the need is, ” he said. Mayo’s research in partnership with Corindus, the manufacturer of the remote PCI platform, has been in animal org…

Angina Pectoris Chest Pain

Angina Pectoris is the medical condition that refers to chest pain. It is due to the insufficient amount of oxygen supply to the heart. The accumulated fatty plaques or blood clots that obstruct the coronary artery (artery that supplies blood to the heart) are the main reasons for the occurrence of this condition. Below are the important facts of angina pectoris.The cause of Angina Pectoris is due to insufficient amount of oxygen to the cardiac muscle. Predisposing factors related to chest pain are activities (too much exertion), climate (extreme cold weather), eating pattern (heavy meals), and stress (emotional conflict and anxiety). Sometimes, chest pain can occur even the person is at rest. The quality of pain associated with angina pectoris is commonly described as squeezing, vise-like heavy, pressing and tightness of the chest. Other times, the person suffering from this condition complains of burning sensation at the chest area (heartburn). The locations of pain wherein people …


The increased pressure of the blood in the blood vessels is called hypertension. Nowadays, there are millions of people throughout the world, who are becoming the victims of this dreadful disease. Yet, they are unaware of the serious implications that this condition poses on their health. Sometimes, people are also not aware, that they have hypertension. In majority of the people, it is diagnosed accidentally, during routine health check-ups. What are the types of Hypertension? The normal blood pressure of a person is 120/80 mmHg. If the blood pressure of a person exceeds 140/90 mmHg, when taken on three separate occasions of a week, it is called hypertension.  Prehypertension: It is a condition, which predisposes to hypertension. When the systolic blood pressure of a person (pressure when the heart contracts) is between 120 to 139 mmHg, and the diastolic pressure of a person (pressure when the heart relaxes) is between 80 to 89 mmHg, it is called Pre-Hypertension.  Accelerated hyper…

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever is affecting many people throughout the world, yet many people are not aware about this disease. Generally, people think that this is some sort of fever, by looking at its name, but this is one of the most important conditions related to the heart.
Rheumatic fever is a type of hypersensitivity reaction. Hypersensitivity is the abnormal or excessive reaction of the immune system to certain particles called antigens. Antigens are any substances, which your body recognizes as being foreign to your body, or as foreign particles. Rheumatic fever is a type 2 hypersensitivity reaction. Why is Rheumatic fever caused? Rheumatic fever is caused due to the infection of the body with a bacteria called Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus or Streptococcus pyogenes. This Bacterium enters the body from sore throat or when having certain types of skin infection, which enters the body through the wounds.
So, we need to be really careful when we suffer from sore throat or wounds on the…


What is cholesterol -it is a waxy steroid of fat produced in liver or intestine, used for the synthesis of hormones and cell membranes and transported in the blood plasma of all mammals. Cholesterol is a very important structural component of plasma membrane of mammals required for maintaining proper membrane permeability and fluidity. It is also an essential agent required for the manufacture of bile acids, steroid hormones and vitamin D. It is the principal steroid synthesized by animals however, smaller amounts are also produced in plants and fungi.

Cholesterol is entirely absent among prokaryotes. If its concentration increases in blood then the risk of cardiovascular diseases increases so its level must be kept under control. The word cholesterol has originated from a Greek word and was first discovered by Francois Poulletier de la Salle in gallstones in solid form in 1769 but, chemical identification was done by Eugène Chevreul in 1815 who gave the term cholesterol. Physiology C…

Rheumatic Heart Disease Fever

Frequent and acute Rheumatic Fever (RF) is considered as a systemic form of heart disease. It usually occurs during childhood period. The disease itself develops after sore throat (streptococcal infection). On the other hand, Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) refers to the condition which includes the signs and symptoms of RF and swelling of the heart (inflammation of inner, middle and outer part of the heart).
This condition usually occurs if there is problem with the vein and artery. Commonly, RF can affect children ages 5 to 15 and the condition is considered as a lifelong disease. The treatment goals for this type of heart disease includes:People who have RF or RHD need to have stable vital signs. The rate and the rhythm of the heart should remain within normal limits; If infection subsided, they need to increase the level of their daily activities; Anyone who is suffering from this condition should be free from pain; and They need to verbalize their understanding with regards to the…